What was a contentious and controversial issue even before the 35th PCB started, the report put forth by the NGO Delegation in December 2014 definitely rocked the house and generated much discussion from all angles and sides. After two days of intense discussions, the PCB has approved the following ‘compromise’ decision points related to the NGO Report, “When Rights Cause Wrongs: Addressing Intellectual Property (IP) Barriers to Ensure Access to Treatment for all People Living with HIV.”
When ‘Rights’ Cause Wrongs: Addressing Intellectual Property Barriers to Ensure Access to Treatment for All People Living with HIV is the title of the 2014 report by the NGO Delegation to be presented at the 35th PCB meeting, and is sure to bring on much discussion. We are indebted to the many IP experts and activists the world over who provided input on this report, as well as our civil society partners and friends who everyday face the implications of intellectual property barriers to access to treatment on the ground.
By John Rock, Asia-Pacific
Patents became part of the World Trade Organization (WTO) agreement first in 1995 – called the Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) Agreement. Developed countries had one year to make sure their patent laws were consistent with TRIPS. Developing countries had to introduce TRIPS by 2000, but had until 01 January 2005 to have patents in place. Least developed countries were given more time, initially 11 years, extended to 2016, and now again until 2021.
By Dasha Ocheret – Europe NGO Delegation
For the NGO report of 2014 the NGO Delegation has chosen the topic of how intellectual property (IP) regulations impact the access to HIV treatment and what role the civil society plays in addressing IP barriers to essential treatment.