The PCB recommended mobilizing substantially more financial resources for national, regional and subregional AIDS programmes, and other partners, in developing countries and to bring HIV/AIDS fully into the mainstream development agenda. The promising new approaches to resource mobilization and mainstreaming of AIDS, such as integrating AIDS activities in a range of development programmes, the Highly Indebted Poor Country initiative (HIPC), Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (PRSPs) and poverty reduction strategies, and pursuing resources available through foundations and the private sector, should be vigorously pursued. To achieve success:
- Traditional and non-traditional donors are strongly encouraged to financially support developing countries in the development and implementation of the expanded responses to HIV/AIDS; in this context south-south cooperation is also encouraged;
- National Governments should increase their own domestic financial allocations to their national HIV/AIDS plans, and consider using debt relief and other financing instruments including basic public budget support. Every effort should be made to channel resources in support of community responses to HIV/AIDS;
- International Financial Institutions, donors, and national governments should be further encouraged to give prominence to HIV/AIDS in PRSPs, poverty reduction strategies and HIPC agreements;
- UNAIDS Cosponsors and other UN organizations should raise their own financial allocations for AIDS and increase their advocacy and technical support to developing countries for expanded resource mobilization and for inclusion of HIV/AIDS goals and indicators in country-based programming mechanisms including the United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF), the Common Country Assessment (CCA), poverty reduction strategies including PRSPs and HIPC agreements through an integrated planning process among these organizations;
- The UNAIDS Secretariat and Cosponsors must intensify their current efforts in advocacy, facilitation, and sharing of information and experience in the areas of financial resource mobilization including from foundations and the private sector, and mainstreaming of HIV/AIDS in the development agenda;
- NGOs, especially national NGOs in developing countries, should play an active and participatory role in the development of country poverty strategies, including PRSPs and implementing locally-managed AIDS responses.