The PCB took note with appreciation of the report of the Executive Director. The following observations and recommendations were made:
i. The PCB recognized the need to integrate the care and prevention agendas. On prevention it urged UNAIDS 1 and Member States to commit to stronger efforts on the unfinished agenda, maintaining a clear focus on providing for the needs of children and young people. Attention must also be paid to addressing the needs of men who have sex with men, injecting drug users, and other populations at heightened risk. Recognizing the growing importance of the care and treatment agendas, the PCB encouraged UNAIDS to maintain a broad-based approach, including prevention of mother-to-child transmission, access to condoms and vaccine development. It further recommended that UNAIDS should not focus only on anti-retrovirals, but should address care within the context of the general development of health systems, and increase the options for access to affordable treatment, including generics, available to governments.
ii. The PCB took note of increasing resource flows, recognizing the gaps between needs and resources, and recommended that UNAIDS track and report on these commitments. It urged UNAIDS to continue to provide technical support and facilitation to developing countries engaged in poverty reduction strategies, such as production of Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (PRSP) and the Highly-Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) initiative, and to assist in mobilizing additional resources, both domestic and international, for tackling HIV/AIDS.
iii. The PCB recognized that some progress is being made under the International Partnership Against AIDS in Africa (IPAA), particularly in national leadership, and encouraged Member States to continue to work within the IPAA framework, to ensure coordination and consistency in supporting national processes. It strongly urged UNAIDS to maintain momentum and a sense of urgency in implementing action under the IPAA. It noted that sustained political will and national commitment contributed to success and to the prospects for increased donor support.
iv. The PCB noted the urgency of scaling up pilot projects/services that prove to be effective, expanding them into national programmes complemented with regional initiatives. It urged UNAIDS to play its part in facilitating this process.
v. The PCB noted the continuing variance in performance of United Nations Theme Groups on HIV/AIDS, and emphasized the importance of a coordinated and consistent response of the UN system at country level, with the meaningful inclusion of the civil society and people living with HIV/AIDS. The sustained improvement of Theme Group performance, in particular in relations to the availability and disbursement of programme acceleration funds requires urgent attention.