Agrees that, with respect to the questions to be addressed by the Second Independent Evaluation the following questions will be included, and further Page 2 of 18 agrees that the comments received in plenary (see Annex 1) on this agenda item will be submitted to the Oversight Committee for consideration and incorporation, as appropriate, in the Tender for the Evaluation Team:
a) The evolving role of UNAIDS within a changing environment Given the changing global, regional and country environments, the evolving role and priorities of the Joint Programme needs to be clearly defined, especially concerning working relationships with institutions like the Global Fund, PEPFAR, UNITAID, bilateral donors, private sector, civil society, regional organizations and others, all of which have grown in importance since the Five Year Evaluation. To what extent does UNAIDS generate and take advantage of synergies with its partners including HIV vaccine and other appropriate technologies advocacy and development partners and organizations of vulnerable populations and people living with HIV?
b) Governance of UNAIDS This evaluation should involve a review of the governance and accountability structures of UNAIDS (Program Coordinating Board, Committee of Cosponsoring Organizations and the Unified Budget and Workplan), and its relationships with the Cosponsors and other UN bodies on a wide range of issues, especially given the organization’s expansion, the entry of new partners into the field, and the growing range of activities being undertaken. The evaluation should consider the progress on recommendations of the GTT review and the Review of NGO/Civil Society Participation in the Programme Coordinating Board.
c) The response to the Five Year Evaluation of UNAIDS Assessing the extent to which UNAIDS has been able to respond to the recommendations and proposed activities that emerged from the Five Year Evaluation based on the PCB decisions is important. It is also necessary to identify any factors, which may have facilitated or limited UNAIDS’ implementation of these recommendations such as national capacities, availability of resources and resource gaps. Implementation will also have to be evaluated at headquarters, regional and country levels to determine the overall effectiveness, efficiency, equity and acceptability of the Programme.
d) The interaction between Secretariat, Cosponsors, Agencies and Countries The components of UNAIDS, and the operational relationships between Secretariat, Cosponsors and other institutions, like the Global Fund, at headquarters, regional and country levels need to be reviewed. This should also involve evaluating the efficiency of UNAIDS in terms of coordination, consistency and compatibility of activities and programmatic strategies and, how the ‘Division of Labour’ has affected working relationships in country and taking into account the perspective of national governments. Does UNAIDS fulfill its global coordination role on AIDS. The Evaluation should include an assessment of UNAIDS’ role in strengthening health systems and determine what improvements could be made to strengthen health systems in ways that support UNAIDS objectives.
e) The administration of the Joint Programme This involves evaluating how the administration and business practice of the UNAIDS Secretariat has evolved since its creation, including its institutional Page 3 of 18 relationships with WHO and UNDP, and whether it has been flexible and creative enough to keep up with the changing pace and types of demands that have emerged over time, including transfer of resources to countries. Patterns and processes of staff deployment and management will need to be addressed.
f) Delivering as One The impact of UN Reform, GTT and the Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness on delivering the mandate of UNAIDS especially in countries, how it is viewed by countries, Cosponsors, donors and staff, and how this should influence the future should all be assessed. Also the impact which UNAIDS has had on UN reform and greater coherence at country, regional and global levels.
g) Involving and working with civil society The extent to which UNAIDS has been able to, support, include, engage and incorporate in a meaningful and measurable way the concerns and capacities of civil society, and what types of functional relationships and partnerships have evolved at different operational levels should be reviewed and should be an integral part of all questions to be addressed by this Independent Evaluation.
h) Gender dimensions of the epidemic The extent to which gender equality has been incorporated as an integral part of the work of UNAIDS at the global and national levels and the extent to which these issues have been incorporated in national strategies and actions. This must include the degree to which UNAIDS has supported countries in their efforts to address the gender dimensions of the epidemic. The measurement of impact on the gender equality must include; an analysis of the development of policy guidance; monitoring of gender-differentiated impact of programmes; systematic disaggregation of data by sex and integration of gender and equality indicators in monitoring and evaluation frameworks; as well as having the necessary internal capacity for gender analysis and policy guidance. Work on gender norms, work with sexual minorities, including men who have sex with men and transgender communities should also be examined.
i) Technical support to national AIDS responses The impact of the technical support rendered by UNAIDS through an examination of activities in, and the needs and priorities of affected countries, and the quantity and quality of support rendered, including transaction costs, accessibility of funding, coordination mechanisms such as Joint UN Teams and others designed to enhance service delivery. To what extent does UNAIDS allow for flexible procedures that are adaptable to different national or regional situations?
j) Human Rights How UNAIDS programmes and policies have contributed to strengthening the rights of vulnerable populations and have addressed issues of gender inequality, stigma and discrimination, the empowerment of vulnerable populations among its priorities and ensures that programme objectives reflect the priorities expressed by vulnerable populations themselves. This should include mechanisms to enable meaningful participation of vulnerable populations in policy and programme development. Page 4 of 18
k) The Greater and meaningful involvement of People living with HIV The extent to which UNAIDS has enabled the active and meaningful engagement of people living with HIV through inclusive, transparent and democratic selection processes and of the choice, design, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of UNAIDS programmes from their inception