Key finding 1:
HIV-related stigma, as well as a lack of understanding about behaviours and identities that are different from the mainstream, fuel discrimination in society and in the criminal justice system, and creates an environment for punitive, rather than protective, laws.
Key finding 2:
Punitive laws and polices – including criminalization of HIV non-disclosure, exposure and transmission; criminalization of sex between men, sex work, and drug use; and repressive laws and policies that impact women and girls, transgender and intersex individuals and migrants – undermine HIV responses by discouraging both access to HIV-related services and HIV-service utilization.
Key finding 3:
Legal protections for people living with HIV and key affected populations are insufficient or unenforced, and their experience of law enforcement is overwhelmingly negative.
Key finding 4:
Individuals do not know their rights, especially as they relate to punitive and protective laws.
Support anti-stigma and HIV education campaigns designed for general populations, healthcare providers, criminal justice and law enforcement professionals, parliamentarians, and others as needed, in an effort to increase and enforce protective laws.
Oppose and repeal laws that criminalize HIV non-disclosure, exposure or transmission, homosexuality, gender variance, sex work and drug use.
Foster protective laws and knowledge of protective laws and human rights within the justice system.
Support and promote programmes to know your rights/laws and access justice.